Kalpana Chawla Biography, Kalpana Chawla Biography in English , Kalpana Chawla Biography for kids , Kalpana Chawla Biography pdf, short Biography for Kalpana Chawla in English
Kalpana Chawla, India’s first female astronaut, is regarded as a role model by women throughout the country. Rakesh Sharma was the Indian who had travelled to space and stepped on the moon before Kalpana. Kalpana’s journey is no less than a dream for Indians, and the responsibilities and success they receive in NASA raise India’s head, which is why Kalpana is regarded as an ideal, successful, and inspirational woman in India.
When it’s night time, then I dim the flight deck lights and look at the galaxy and stars outside, then it feels like you’re from the earth or some special part of the earth,” Kalpana said after her first flight.You are not a piece, but you are a part of this solar system.Kalpana was inspired to fly by India’s first pilot, JRD Tata.India has named its first weather satellite, Kaplana-1, after Kalpana.Kalpana’s husband returned to India after her death and scattered her ashes on the Himalayas so that her soul could rest in peace.
Kalpana Chawla Biography
|Born||1 July 1961|
|Death||1 February 2003|
|place of birth||karnal|
|cause of death||space shuttle breakdown|
|Awards||Congressional Space Medal of Honor, NASA Space Flight Medal and NASA Distinguished Service Medal|
Kalpana Chawla Birth
Kalpana Chawla may have flown into space from America, but she was born in India.
He was born on March 17, 1962.
Kalpana was born in the Haryana district of Karnal.
Kalpana Chawla Education
Kalpana received her B.Sc. in aeronautical engineering from Punjab Engineering College in India in 1982.
Kalpana then moved to Texas to pursue her master’s degree, earning her MSc in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Texas in 1984.
Following that, in 1988, he received his doctorate from the University of Colorado.
Kalpana grew up in a free environment where hard work was encouraged.
Kalpana Chawla Family
Kalpana was born to Sanjyothi Chawla and Banarsilal Chawla.
Kalpana has two sisters, Deepa and Sunita.
There is also a brother named Sanjay.
Kalpana decided to marry there while studying in America, and she married her flying instructor Jean-Pierre Harrison; as a result of this marriage, Kalpana obtained US citizenship.
Kalpana Chawla Interesting facts related to his name:
Kalpana has always had an inquisitive and independent nature.
Kalpana had even come up with her own name.
According to her aunt, everyone at home began calling Kalpana “Monto,” but near her house, “Tagore Bal Niketan School, the teacher there at the time of her admission.
Nama inquired.Then Kalpana’s aunt stated that she has three names in mind: Kalpana, Jyotsna, and Sunaina, but no name has been chosen. When the teacher asked the little Chawla what name she preferred, she immediately chose Kalpana.
Kalpana Chawla Career
Kalpana Chawla began working in Power-Lift Computational Fluid Dynamics at NASA Ames Research Center as soon as she finished her doctorate in 1988.
Her study involved observing the flow of air around aircraft.
After finishing this project, I performed the calculation work with mapping in flow solver.In 1993, Kalpana Chawla was hired as Vice President and Research Scientist at OversetMethods Inc. in Los Altos, California, where her task was to form a team with other researchers to simulate the moving multiple body problem.She was in charge of the development and implementation of critical technologies in aerodynamic optimization.Kalpana Chawla’s various projects and papers have been published in numerous journals.
Kalpana Chawla was chosen by NASA in 1994, and she joined the 15th group of astronauts in 1995 as an astronaut participant at Johnson Space Center.She was assigned to the Astronaut Office of the EVA/Robotic Computer Branch as a crew representative for technical issues after a year of training and evaluation.Among his responsibilities were robotic situational awareness displays and testing Space Shuttle Control Software in the Shuttle, as well as controlling software at the Avionics Integration Laboratory.
Kalpana Chawla was named Mission Specialist and Prime Robotic Arm Operator on STS-87 in November 1996.He was appointed Crew Representative for Shuttle and Station Flight in January 1998, after which he worked in the Astronaut Office Crew Systems and Habitability Section.She spent 30 days, 14 hours, and 54 minutes in space on STS-87 in 1997 and STS-107 in 2003.
STS-87 Columbia Space Flight Experiment (from 19 November to 5 December 1997).
STS-87 was the United States’ fourth microgravity payload flight. and it was based on experiments on how various physical movements occur in a weightless atmosphere in space, as well as observations of the Sun’s outer atmosphere.
The EVA (Space Walk) task of two crew members demonstrated the manual capture of a Spartan satellite, as well as testing of the EVA tools and the process of future space station assembly. STS-87 completed 252 Earth orbits in 36 hours and 34 minutes.
Colombia,STS-107(January 16 to February 1, 2003)
This 16-day flight was solely for scientific and research missions. The crew members had successfully tested 80 experiments alternately in two shifts over the course of a 24-hour day. The STS-107 mission was cut short on February 1, 2003, when the Space Shuttle Columbia and its crew were destroyed while entering the atmosphere 16 minutes before the scheduled landing.
Kalpana Chawla Death
On the morning of February 1, 2003, as the Space Shuttle was preparing to land at Kennedy Space Center.
Then, during launch, a briefcase-sized piece of insulation broke, damaging the shuttle’s wings, which were protecting it from heat during re-entry.
The hot air inside the shuttle’s wing broke it as it entered the atmosphere.The improvised craft shook and rolled, and within one minute it had hit all of the ship’s crew.
Its shuttle crashed over Texas and Louisiana before collapsing.
The accident was the Space Shuttle program’s second major disaster, following the 1986 Shuttle Challenger explosion.
Kalpana Chawla Awards and Achievement
Kalpana was awarded the Congressional Space Medal of Honor, the NASA Space Flight Medal, and the NASA Vishisht Seva Medal posthumously.
Following Kalpana’s death in 2003, the Prime Minister of India announced the name of the seasonal satellite after Kalpana, which resulted in the MetSat-1 satellite being named after Kalpana.On September 12, 2002, MetSat-1 was launched.
Meanwhile, the Government of Karnataka established the Kalpana Chawla Award for Young Women Scientists in 2004.
NASA also named a supercomputer after Kalpana Chawla.